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Artemisia I of Caria (Ancient Greek: Ἀρτεμισία; fl. 480 BC) was queen of Halicarnassus,[1] a city of Dorian Greeks and Carians in the Achaemenid satrapy of Caria and of the nearby island of Kos, in about 480 BC.[1] She fought for her overlord Xerxes I, Great King of Persia against the free Greek city states during the second Persian invasion of Greece.[2] She personally commanded her contribution of five ships at the naval battle of Artemisium[3] and in the naval Battle of Salamis in 480 BC. She is mostly known through the writings of Herodotus, who mentioned her as the only female commander on either side. Herodotus praises her decisiveness and her intelligence, emphasizing the respect in which Xerxes held her

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